American Philatelic Society

Life Member L10740-051714

Jay T. Carrigan


(USA)

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The 1953-1959 "Five Year Plan" issues of the
German Democratic Republic (DDR)

1.  Identifying the issues.

 

Watermark
DDR and Posthorns

Watermark
DDR and Quatrefoils

Lithographed: Shading with dots, blurred impressions, thin letters, A under HE, bottom curve of 5 ends short of the left arm of the compass. Typographed: Shading with lines, clear impressions, thicker letters, A under E, bottom curve of 5 extends to the left arm of the compass. Top: Imprint of designer E(rich) Gruner and engraver K(arl) Wolf.

Bottom: No imprint.

 
    - - - Watermark  DDR and Posthorns - - -

- - - Watermark  DDR and Quatrefoils - - -

 
1st issue 2nd issue* 3rd issue* ** 4th issue  5th issue 6th issue 7th issue
Year of Issue 1953 1953/54 1954 1955 1957 1958/59 1959
Printing Method Litho. Typo. Typo. Typo. Typo. Litho. Typo. Typo. Typo. Typo. Typo. Typo.  Typo. 
Perf. 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 13:12 14 13:12 14
Imprint No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Face Color Design Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons 
Michel
Scott
Gibbons 
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
Michel
Scott
Gibbons
1 black Coal Miner 362
155
120
  405
187
153
                 
5 green Woman Mariner 363
156
121
  406
188
154
            577A
330
310I
577B
476
310II
   
6 blue violet German & Soviet Workers 364
157
122
407
189
155
                     
5/6 blue violet German & Soviet Workers       435
216
189
                 
8 light brown Mother teaching Marxism 365
158
123
  408
190
156
                   
5/8 light brown Mother teaching Marxism         436
217
190
               
10 blue green Machinists 366
159
124
  409
191
157
                704A
477
311I
704B
477a
311II
10 dark greenish blue Worker, Peasant, Intellectual             453
227
158
  578A
331a
312I
  578B
331
312II
   
12 light blue Worker, Peasant, Intellectual 367
160
125
                       
12 greenish blue Worker, Peasant, Intellectual   410
192
159
                     
10/12 greenish blue Worker, Peasant, Intellectual       437
218
191
                 
15 purple Teletype Operator 368
161
126
                       
15 violet Teletype Operator     411
193
160
                   
15 gray violet Steel- worker             454
227B
161
  579A
332a
313I
  579B
332
313II
   
16 dark violet Steel- worker 369
162
127
                       
16 blue violet Steel- worker   412
194
162
                     
15/16 blue violet Steel- worker       438
219
192
                 
20 gray olive Bad 
Elster
370
163
128
  413
195
163
                   
20 brownish carmine Stalin- Allee               455
228
164
  580A
333
314I
580B
478
314II
   
24 carmine red Stalin- Allee 371
163A
129
                       
24 brownish carmine Stalin- Allee     414
196
165
                   
20/24 brownish carmine Stalin- Allee         439aIg
220
194
               
20/24 dark brownish carmine Stalin- Allee           439aIIg

           
20/24 brownish carmine (reprint) Stalin- Allee           439bIIg
223A
193
             
25 dark green Railway Engineers 372
164
130
                       
25 dark gray green Railway Engineers     415
197
166
            581A
334
315I
     
30 brown red Dancing Couple 373
165
131
  416
198
167
                   
30 brown rose Dancing Couple                   582A
335
3316I
582B
479
316II
   
35 ultramarine Berlin Sports Hall 374
166
132
                       
35 violet ultramarine Berlin Sports Hall   417
199
168
                     
40 carmine Lab Worker 375
167
133
  418
200
169
                   
40 purple violet Zwinger Castle               456
229
170
  583A
336
317I
583B
480
317II
   
48 purple violet Zwinger Castle 376
168
134
  419
201
171
                   
40/48 purple violet Zwinger Castle         440
221
195
               
50 gray blue Launching Ship               457
230
172
  584A
337
318I
584B
481
318II
   
60 blue Launching Ship 377
169
135
  420
202
173
                   
50/60 blue Launching Ship         441
222
196
               
70 dark brown Dove & Family               458
230A
174
  585A
338
319I
585B
482
319II
   
80 greenish blue Reaper & Farm Worker 378
170
136
  421
203
175
                   
84 lilac brown Dove & Family 379
171
137
  422
204
176
                   
70/84 lilac brown Dove & Family         442
223
197
               

* - For the 2nd and 3rd Issues, Michel distinguishes between horizontal (X) and vertical (Y) watermarks for most values.  In addition, for the 2nd Issue 30 and 35 Pfg. values Michel lists ordinary paper (y) varieties in addition to the coated paper (x) varieties for all values of the set.

** - Per Michel, all values exist with a shiny typographed overprint (g), and all values except the 40/48 and 50/60 Pfg. are also known with a dull lithographed overprint (m).

2.  Identifying the Reprints

All unused stamps are originals.  Reprints of the 1st through 4th issues (posthorn watermark) occur mostly with press-printed cancellations (centered on a block of 4), but handstamped cancellations also exist.  As far as I know, reprints of the 5th through 7th issues (quatrefoil watermark) do not exist.

The following cancellations are known to have been applied to the reprints:

COTTBUS 1 n 05.1.56 - 11, 14.2.56 - 11, 12.3.56 - 11, 17.4.56 - 11, 05.5.56 - 11, 19.6.56 - 11
DRESDEN N 25 i 01.12.56 - 12
ERFURT 1 k 07.12.56 - 17
GERA 4 a 14.4.56 - 16, 15.3.56 - 17, 16.6.56 - 21
GERA 4 e 12.1.56 - 18-19, 13.2.56 - 19-20, 14.3.56 - 20-21
HALLE (SAALE) 2 be 10.12.56 - 13
KARL-MARX-STADT C 1 ac 15.11.56 - 10
KARL-MARX-STADT 4 m 15.12.56 - 11
LEIPZIG C 1 bl 17.12.56 - 15
LEIPZIG O 5 g -5.12.56 - 16
MAGDEBURG BPA 7 gg 10.1.56 - 10, 11.2.56 - 10, 12.3.56 - 10, 14.4.56 - 10, 15.5.56 - 10, 26.6.56 - 10
POTSDAM 1 z -3.1.56 - 15, -2.2.56 - 15, -7.3.56 - 15, 15.4.56 - 15, 20.5.56 - 15, 23.6.56 - 15
ROSTOCK b -1.1.56 - 13, -2.2.56 - 12, 13.3.56 - 11, 15.4.56 - 14, 17.5.56 - 15, 19.6.56 - 18
SCHWERIN (MECKL) 1 ag 10.1.56 - 15, 14.2.56 - 16, 17.4.56 - 18, 18.5.56 - 19, 29.6.56 - 14
 

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Jay T. Carrigan, 2007-2009